Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance: Sortie 106-306
Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) activities are most often associated with Military operations as they are a critically important part of keeping our Country safe and our enemies in check. But these same activities are also used extensively for non-military missions in our cities and communities – for such tasks as disaster relief, search-and-rescue, support of law enforcement & emergency responders, and other various public safety efforts.
The military-oriented definition of ISR is the coordinated and integrated acquisition, processing and provision of timely, accurate, relevant, coherent and assured information and intelligence to support commander’s conduct of activities. Land, sea, air and space platforms have critical ISR roles in supporting operations in general. By massing ISR assets, allowing a period of immersion, developing layering and cross cueing of sensors, an improved clarity and depth of knowledge can be established. ISR encompasses multiple activities related to the planning and operation of systems that collect, process, and disseminate data in support of current and future military operations.
Examples of ISR systems include surveillance and reconnaissance systems ranging from satellites, manned aircraft such as the U-2 recon bomber, unmanned aircraft systems including drones along with other ground-, air-, sea-, or space-based equipment, all the way through to human intelligence teams. The intelligence data provided by these ISR systems can take many forms, including optical, radar, or infrared images or to name a few. Effective ISR data can provide early warning of enemy threats as well as enabling military forces to increase their effectiveness, coordination, and lethality on operations and recently the demand for ISR capabilities to support ongoing military operations has increased.